top of page

Kruah Consultants Group

Public·16 members
Choice Drakh
Choice Drakh

Learn Everything About Business Environment with These Notes for MBA 1st Sem Pdf 26



<h1>Business Environment Notes For Mba 1st Sem Pdf 26</h1>


<p>If you are an MBA student who wants to learn about the business environment, you might be looking for some notes that can help you understand the concepts and theories better. You might also want to download a pdf file that contains all the relevant information in one place. Well, you are in luck because this article will provide you with a comprehensive overview of the business environment and its various aspects. You will also find a link to download a pdf file that contains 26 pages of notes on the business environment for MBA 1st sem students.</p>




Business Environment Notes For Mba 1st Sem Pdf 26


Download: https://www.google.com/url?q=https%3A%2F%2Fgohhs.com%2F2ucBY4&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AOvVaw0qSMHA7ViW32l8XW2nBnT4



<h2>Introduction</h2>


<p>The business environment is the sum total of all the factors that affect the functioning and performance of a business organization. It includes both internal and external factors that influence the decisions and actions of managers and employees. The business environment is dynamic and complex, as it changes constantly due to various forces and events. Therefore, it is essential for business managers to understand the nature and characteristics of the business environment and adapt to it accordingly.</p>


<h3>What is business environment?</h3>


<p>According to Keith Davis, "Business environment is the aggregate of all conditions, events and influences that surround and affect a business firm." In other words, it is the context in which a business operates and interacts with various stakeholders such as customers, competitors, suppliers, intermediaries, publics, government, etc. The business environment can be classified into two broad categories: internal environment and external environment.</p>


<h3>Why is business environment important?</h3>


<p>The business environment is important for several reasons. First, it provides opportunities and threats for a business organization. Opportunities are favorable conditions or situations that can help a business achieve its goals and objectives. Threats are unfavorable conditions or situations that can hinder or harm a business's performance and survival. Therefore, a business manager must identify and exploit the opportunities and avoid or overcome the threats in the business environment.</p>


<p>Second, the business environment affects the strengths and weaknesses of a business organization. Strengths are the capabilities or resources that give a business an advantage over its competitors. Weaknesses are the limitations or deficiencies that put a business at a disadvantage in the market. Therefore, a business manager must assess and improve the strengths and minimize or eliminate the weaknesses of the organization.</p>


<p>Third, the business environment influences the strategies and policies of a business organization. Strategies are the long-term plans or courses of action that a business adopts to achieve its goals and objectives. Policies are the guidelines or rules that govern the decision-making and behavior of managers and employees. Therefore, a business manager must formulate and implement appropriate strategies and policies that suit the changing needs and expectations of the business environment.</p>


<h3>What are the components of business environment?</h3>


<p>The components of business environment are the factors or elements that constitute the internal and external environment of a business organization. They can be classified into six major categories: vision, mission and objectives, organizational culture and structure, human resources and leadership, customers, competitors, suppliers, intermediaries, publics, political, economic, social, technological, legal, environmental factors. These components are interrelated and interdependent, as they affect and are affected by each other. Let us discuss each component in detail.</p>


<h2>Types of business environment</h2>


<h3>Internal environment</h3>


<p>The internal environment consists of the factors that are within the control and influence of a business organization. It includes the following components:</p>


<h4>Vision, mission and objectives</h4>


<p>The vision is the long-term aspiration or dream of a business organization. It reflects the desired future state or position of the organization in the market. The mission is the purpose or reason for existence of a business organization. It defines the scope and nature of the organization's activities and products. The objectives are the specific and measurable goals or targets that a business organization wants to achieve in a given period of time. They provide direction and focus for the organization's efforts and resources.</p>


<h4>Organizational culture and structure</h4>


<p>The organizational culture is the set of values, beliefs, norms and assumptions that guide the behavior and attitude of managers and employees. It reflects the shared vision, mission and objectives of the organization. It also influences the communication, coordination and cooperation among the members of the organization. The organizational structure is the arrangement or design of roles, responsibilities and authority among the managers and employees. It determines the division of work, specialization, delegation, supervision and control within the organization.</p>


<h4>Human resources and leadership</h4>


<p>The human resources are the people who work for a business organization. They include managers, employees, consultants, contractors, etc. They are the most valuable asset of an organization, as they possess the skills, knowledge, experience and creativity that contribute to the organization's performance and success. The leadership is the process or act of influencing and motivating others to achieve a common goal or objective. It involves setting a vision, communicating it effectively, inspiring trust and confidence, empowering and developing others, resolving conflicts and problems, etc.</p>


<h3>External environment</h3>


<p>The external environment consists of the factors that are beyond the control and influence of a business organization. It includes the following components:</p>


<h4>Micro environment</h4>


<p>The micro environment consists of the factors that are directly related to or affect a specific business organization. It includes the following components:</p>


<h5>Customers</h5>


<p>The customers are the individuals or groups who buy or use the products or services of a business organization. They are the ultimate source of revenue and profit for an organization. They have different needs, preferences, expectations and behaviors that influence their buying decisions. Therefore, a business manager must understand and satisfy the customer needs and wants better than the competitors.</p>


<h5>Competitors</h5>


<p>The competitors are the individuals or groups who offer similar or substitute products or services to the same target market as a business organization. They pose a threat to an organization's market share and profitability. They have different strengths, weaknesses, strategies and policies that affect their competitive position. Therefore, a business manager must analyze and monitor the competitor activities and performance regularly.</p>


<h5>Suppliers</h5>


<p>The suppliers are the individuals or groups who provide raw materials, components, equipment, services or other inputs to a business organization. They affect an organization's cost, quality and availability of products or services. They have different bargaining power, reliability and efficiency that influence their relationship with an organization. Therefore, a business manager must select and maintain good suppliers who can offer high-quality inputs at reasonable prices.</p>


<h5>Intermediaries</h5>


<p>The intermediaries are the individuals or groups who help a business organization to distribute its products or services to the customers. They include wholesalers, retailers, agents, brokers, etc. They affect an organization's reach, coverage and accessibility of products or services. They have different roles, functions and margins that influence their cooperation with an organization. Therefore, a business manager must choose and manage effective intermediaries who can deliver value to both an organization and its customers.</p>


<h5>Publics</h5>


<p>The publics are any individuals or groups who have an interest in or impact on a business organization's activities or performance. They include shareholders, creditors, employees' unions, customers' associations, media, government agencies, NGOs, etc. They have different opinions, attitudes and expectations that influence their support or opposition to an organization. Therefore, a business manager must communicate and interact with various publics positively and proactively.</p>


<h4>Macro environment</h4>


<p>The macro environment consists of the factors that are general and affect all the business organizations in an industry or a country. It includes the following components:</p>


<h5>Political factors</h5>


<p>The political factors are the laws, regulations, policies and decisions of the government and other political institutions that affect the business activities and performance. They include tax policies, trade policies, fiscal policies, monetary policies, labor laws, environmental laws, etc. They create opportunities or threats for a business organization depending on their nature and impact. Therefore, a business manager must comply with the legal requirements and influence the political environment favorably.</p>


<h5>Economic factors</h5>


<p>The economic factors are the conditions and trends of the economy that affect the business activities and performance. They include GDP, inflation, unemployment, interest rates, exchange rates, consumer income, consumer spending, etc. They determine the demand and supply of products or services and the cost and availability of resources. Therefore, a business manager must understand and anticipate the economic environment and adapt to it accordingly.</p>


<h5>Social factors</h5>


<p>The social factors are the characteristics and changes of the society and culture that affect the business activities and performance. They include demographics, lifestyles, values, beliefs, attitudes, norms, customs, etc. They influence the needs, preferences, expectations and behaviors of customers and employees. Therefore, a business manager must respect and respond to the social environment and cater to the diverse and dynamic customer segments.</p>


<h5>Technological factors</h5>


<p>The technological factors are the innovations and developments of science and technology that affect the business activities and performance. They include new products, new processes, new materials, new methods, new systems, etc. They create opportunities or threats for a business organization depending on their nature and impact. Therefore, a business manager must adopt and utilize the technological environment and gain a competitive edge in the market.</p>


<h5>Legal factors</h5>


<p>The legal factors are the rules and regulations of the judiciary and other legal institutions that affect the business activities and performance. They include contracts, patents, trademarks, copyrights, consumer rights, etc. They protect or restrict a business organization depending on their nature and impact. Therefore, a business manager must abide by the legal requirements and avoid any legal disputes or penalties.</p>


<h5>Environmental factors</h5>


<p>The environmental factors are the natural resources and conditions that affect the business activities and performance. They include climate, weather, natural disasters, pollution, biodiversity, etc. They provide or limit a business organization depending on their nature and impact. Therefore, a business manager must conserve and protect the environmental resources and minimize any negative effects on the environment.</p>


<h2>Analysis of business environment</h2>


<p>The analysis of business environment is the process or technique of examining and evaluating the internal and external factors that affect a business organization's performance and survival. It helps a business manager to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of an organization and formulate appropriate strategies and policies accordingly. There are various tools or methods for analyzing the business environment such as SWOT analysis, PESTLE analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, etc. Let us discuss each tool in detail.</p>


<h3>SWOT analysis</h3>


<p>SWOT analysis is a tool that helps a business manager to assess the internal strengths and weaknesses and external opportunities and threats of an organization. It involves four steps:</p>


<ol>


<li>Identify the internal strengths (S) of an organization such as core competencies, unique resources, loyal customers, etc.</li>


<li>Identify the internal weaknesses (W) of an organization such as high costs, low quality, poor reputation, etc.</li>


<li>Identify the external opportunities (O) for an organization such as new markets, new products, new technologies, etc.</li>


<li>Identify the external threats (T) for an organization such as strong competitors, changing customer needs, government regulations, etc.</li>


</ol>


<p>After identifying these four factors, a business manager can use a SWOT matrix to match them and generate possible strategies such as:</p>


<ul>


<li>SO strategies: Use strengths to exploit opportunities.</li>


<li>WO strategies: Overcome weaknesses by exploiting opportunities.</li>


<li>ST strategies: Use strengths to avoid or reduce threats.</li>


<li>WT strategies: Minimize weaknesses and avoid or reduce threats.</li>


</ul>


<h4>Strengths</h4>


<ul>


<li>High-quality products and services</li>


<li>Experienced and skilled human resources</li>


<li>Strong brand image and reputation</li>


<li>Wide network of distribution channels</li>


</ul>


<h4>Weaknesses</h4>


<ul>


<li>High dependence on a few suppliers</li>


<li>Lack of innovation and differentiation</li>


<li>High debt and low profitability</li>


<li>Poor customer service and feedback</li>


</ul>


<h4>Opportunities</h4>


<ul>


<li>Growing demand for MBA education</li>


<li>Emerging markets and segments</li>


<li>Online and digital platforms</li>


<li>Government support and incentives</li>


</ul>


<h4>Threats</h4>


<ul>


<li>Intense competition from other MBA institutes</li>


<li>Changing customer preferences and expectations</li>


<li>Technological disruptions and obsolescence</li>


<li>Legal and environmental regulations and issues</li>


</ul>


<h3>PESTLE analysis</h3>


<p>PESTLE analysis is a tool that helps a business manager to analyze the external macro environment that affects an organization. It involves six factors:</p>


<ul>


<li>Political factors: The laws, regulations, policies and decisions of the government and other political institutions.</li>


<li>Economic factors: The conditions and trends of the economy such as GDP, inflation, unemployment, interest rates, exchange rates, consumer income, consumer spending, etc.</li>


<li>Social factors: The characteristics and changes of the society and culture such as demographics, lifestyles, values, beliefs, attitudes, norms, customs, etc.</li>


<li>Technological factors: The innovations and developments of science and technology such as new products, new processes, new materials, new methods, new systems, etc.</li>


<li>Legal factors: The rules and regulations of the judiciary and other legal institutions such as contracts, patents, trademarks, copyrights, consumer rights, etc.</li>


<li>Environmental factors: The natural resources and conditions such as climate, weather, natural disasters, pollution, biodiversity, etc.</li>


</ul>


<p>After analyzing these six factors, a business manager can identify the opportunities or threats for an organization and formulate appropriate strategies and policies accordingly.</p>


<h3>Porter's five forces analysis</h3>


<p>Porter's five forces analysis is a tool that helps a business manager to analyze the external micro environment that affects the competitive position of an organization in an industry. It involves five forces:</p>


<ul>


<li>Industry rivalry: The intensity of competition among the existing firms in an industry. It depends on factors such as number of competitors, size of competitors, growth rate of industry, product differentiation, switching costs, exit barriers, etc.</li>


<li>Bargaining power of buyers: The ability of the customers to influence the price, quality and terms of products or services. It depends on factors such as number of buyers, size of buyers, concentration of buyers, availability of substitutes, price sensitivity, information availability, etc.</li>


<li>Bargaining power of suppliers: The ability of the suppliers to influence the price, quality and terms of inputs. It depends on factors such as number of suppliers, size of suppliers, concentration of suppliers, availability of substitutes, switching costs, differentiation of inputs, etc.</li>


<li>Threat of new entrants: The possibility of new firms entering an industry and competing with the existing firms. It depends on factors such as entry barriers, economies of scale, capital requirements, brand loyalty, government policies, access to distribution channels, etc.</li>


<li>Threat of substitutes: The possibility of customers switching to alternative products or services that satisfy the same need or want. It depends on factors such as availability of substitutes, price-performance ratio of substitutes, switching costs, customer loyalty, etc.</li>


</ul>


<p>After analyzing these five forces, a business manager can determine the attractiveness or profitability of an industry and formulate appropriate strategies and policies accordingly.</p>


<h2>Challenges and opportunities in business environment</h2>


<p>The business environment is constantly changing due to various forces and events. This creates both challenges and opportunities for a business organization. Some of the major challenges and opportunities in the current business environment are:</p>


<h3>Globalization and competition</h3>


<p>Globalization is the process or phenomenon of increasing integration and interdependence of the world's economies and markets. It is driven by factors such as trade liberalization, foreign direct investment, technological advancement, transportation improvement, communication improvement, etc. It creates both challenges and opportunities for a business organization. Some of the challenges are:</p>


<ul>


<li>Facing more competitors from different countries and regions.</li>


<li>Coping with different customer needs and expectations <li>Adapting to different legal and regulatory frameworks in different countries.</li>


<li>Managing cultural and ethical differences among managers and employees.</li>


</ul>


<p>Some of the opportunities are:</p>


<ul>


<li>Expanding into new markets and segments and increasing market share and profitability.</li>


<li>Leveraging economies of scale and scope and reducing costs and risks.</li>


<li>Accessing new sources of inputs and outputs and improving quality and innovation.</li>


<li>Learning from best practices and experiences of other firms and countries.</li>


</ul>


<h3>Innovation and technology</h3>


<p>Innovation is the process or outcome of creating or introducing something new or improved that adds value to customers or stakeholders. Technology is the application of scientific knowledge and skills to create or improve products, processes, systems or services. They are driven by factors such as research and development, customer feedback, competition, etc. They create both challenges and opportunities for a business organization. Some of the challenges are:</p>


<ul>


<li>Keeping up with the rapid pace of change and development in technology.</li>


<li>Investing in innovation and technology and managing the costs and risks involved.</li>


<li>Protecting intellectual property rights and avoiding imitation o


About

Welcome to the group! You can connect with other members, ge...

Members

  • Ernest Kruah
  • Bruno Salustiano
    Bruno Salustiano
  • Julie Nelson
    Julie Nelson
  • John Evans
    John Evans
  • Noah Reed
    Noah Reed
bottom of page